Preschool Learning Guidelines for Math
Overview of the Preschool Learning Guidelines for Math
Mathematics relates to ideas and concepts about quantity and addresses logical and
spatial relationships. At the preschool level, the foundations of mathematical
understanding are formed out of children's concrete experiences. Mathematical
experiences should not be limited to "math time." They can be embedded in almost all
daily classroom activities, challenging teachers to be alert to opportunities for facilitating
mathematical understanding. Mathematical thinking can be incorporated into block
play, dramatic play, sand and water play, and outdoor play. Children can also make
connections between mathematics and musical experiences or art when they explore
rhythmic or visual patterns or symmetry.
Preschool children can learn to recite numbers in order, compare quantity, comprehend
position, and match objects in onetoone correspondence. Number concepts become
significant to children when they develop out of experiences that are functional in their
world. Preschool activities can build their understanding of number concepts, and also
build foundations for understanding characteristics and properties of two and three dimensional geometric shapes.
Above statement from the Massachusetts Preschool Learning Experiences Document
Learning Guidelines for Mathematics
Preschool Standard

Links to K Standards

Number Sense


1. Listen to and say the names of numbers in meaningful contexts.  Link to K.N.1 
2. Connect many kinds/quantities of concrete objects and actions to numbers. 
Link to K.N.2 
3. Use positional language and ordinal numbers (first, second, third) in everyday activities. 
Link to K.N.3 
4. Use concrete objects to solve simple addition and subtraction problems using comparative language (more than, fewer than, same number of). 
Link to K.N.4; K.N.7 
5. Observe and manipulate concrete examples of whole and half.  Link to K.N.5 
6. Examine, manipulate, and identify familiar U.S. coins (penny, nickel, dime, quarter) in play activities. 
Link to K.N.6 
Patterns and Relations


7. Explore and describe a wide variety of concrete objects by their attributes. 
Link to K.P.1 
8. Sort, categorize, or classify objects by more than one attribute.  Link to K.P.2 
9. Recognize, describe, reproduce, extend, create, and compare repeating patterns of concrete materials. 
Link to K.P.3 
Shapes and Spatial Sense


10. Investigate and identify materials of various shapes, using appropriate language.  Link to K.G.1, K.G.2 
11. Explore and identify space, direction, movement, relative position, and size using body movement and concrete objects. 
Link to K.G.4 
12. Listen to and use comparative words to describe the relationships of objects to one another. 
Link to K.M.1 
13. Use estimation in meaningful ways and follow up by verifying the accuracy of estimations.  Link to K.M.2 
14. Use nonstandard units to measure length, weight, and amount of content in familiar objects. 
Link to K.M.3 
Data Collection and Analysis


15. Organize and draw conclusions from facts they have collected.  Link to K.D.1 
Narrated Presentation 
PDF Handout 
Supplemental Reading 
Quiz 
Assignment 